EBOLA symtoms and 7 first aid

Ebola Virus: 7 Symptoms and First Aid


Ebola Virus


Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe and often fatal illness caused by the Ebola virus. It was first identified in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, sporadic outbreaks have occurred in Africa, causing concern and posing significant public health challenges. In this article, we will delve into the symptoms of Ebola virus and explore the crucial aspects of providing first aid in case of suspected infection.



Understanding Ebola Virus

The Ebola virus belongs to the family Filoviridae and is transmitted to humans from wild animals. The virus can then spread from person to person through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs, or other bodily fluids of infected individuals. Additionally, handling contaminated objects or surfaces can also facilitate the transmission.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus

  1. Fever and Chills: The initial symptoms of Ebola virus often resemble those of other infectious diseases, such as malaria or influenza. Patients may experience a sudden onset of fever and chills.
  2. Muscle Pain and Fatigue: Muscle pain and extreme tiredness are common symptoms that follow the initial fever.
  3. Headache and Sore Throat: Headaches and sore throats may be present in the early stages of the infection.
  4. Vomiting and Diarrhea: Ebola virus can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms, leading to vomiting and diarrhea.
  5. Rash: Some patients may develop a rash, which is more likely to occur around the fifth day after the onset of symptoms.
  6. Impaired Kidney and Liver Function: As the disease progresses, Ebola virus can lead to kidney and liver impairment, posing serious health risks.
  7. Internal and External Bleeding: In some cases, internal and external bleeding may occur, giving the disease its notorious reputation as a hemorrhagic fever.

First Aid for Suspected the virus Infection

Given the high fatality rate of Ebola virus disease, early recognition and prompt action are essential. If you suspect that you or someone else may have been exposed to the virus, follow these steps:

  1. Isolation: Immediately isolate the person exhibiting symptoms and limit direct contact with them to prevent further transmission.
  2. Seek Medical Attention: Contact local health authorities and inform them of the suspected case. Medical professionals can provide guidance on further steps to be taken.
  3. Practice Proper Hygiene: Proper hygiene measures, such as regular handwashing with soap and water, should be followed at all times.
  4. Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): If you are in direct contact with the infected individual, use appropriate PPE, including gloves, masks, and gowns, to protect yourself.
  5. Avoid Contact with Bodily Fluids: Refrain from handling the bodily fluids of the infected person without protective gear.
  6. Disinfect Contaminated Surfaces: Thoroughly disinfect any surfaces or objects that may have come into contact with the infected person’s bodily fluids.
  7. Stay Informed: Keep yourself updated with information from reliable sources, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or local health departments.

To short..

Ebola virus disease is a serious global health concern, but with adequate knowledge and precautionary measures, its transmission can be minimized. Understanding the symptoms of Ebola virus and the importance of swift action in case of suspected infection is crucial in preventing further spread. By following the recommended guidelines and staying informed, we can collectively combat this deadly disease and safeguard public health.

Remember, early detection and intervention can save lives and protect our communities from the devastating impact of Ebola virus disease. Stay vigilant, stay informed, and prioritize the health and safety of yourself and those around you.

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